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0002- abstain /forbear/refrain

 abstain /forbear/refrain

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Abstain means to withhold oneself from an action or self-indulgence. [There were six votes in favour, two against and two abstaining; He abstained from drinking.]

Abstain表示抑制自己的某种行为或者抑制自我沉迷(译注:表示戒除烟瘾神马的).[There were six votes in favour, two against and two abstaining(投票时,一共6票赞成,两票反对,两票弃权(abstaining));He abstained from drinking(他戒酒了).]

Refrain has to do with withholding an action temporarily, or checking a momentary desire: She refrained from scolding her child until the company left.

Refrain表示抑制一种临时性的行为,或者抑制一种暂时的欲望:She refrained from scolding her child until the company left(在小孩的同伴离开之前她都忍着没有骂她的小孩,(译注:貌似同伴走了之后,还是被骂了啊)).

To forbear, in its intransitive sense, is to exercise self-control, often out of motives of patience or charity. [Though impatient, the customer forbore to upbraid the harried salesgirl; The teacher forbore to report Johnnie’s misbehaviour to his parents.]

Forbear(克制,隐忍),作为不及物动词时,表示一种自我克制,通常是基于一种没有动机的容忍和宽容. [Though impatient, the customer forbore to upbraid the harried salesgirl(尽管纠缠不休的女售货员让人无法容忍,客户还是克制住自己了没有去责骂她);The teacher forbore to report Johnnie’s misbehaviour to his parents(老师不忍心向Johnnie的父母通报他的不当行为).]

SEE: FORGO, FORSWEAR.
ANTONYMS: BEGIN, PERMIT.
参见 FORGO, FORSWEAR. 反义词:BEGIN, PERMIT.
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该日志由 边城网事 于2015年01月27日发表在 同义词辨析 - 每日一组 分类下, 你可以发表评论,并在保留原文地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客。
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