当前位置: 首页 > 同义词辨析 - 每日一组 > 正文

0003-absurd /farcical/foolish/irrational/ludicrous/preposterous/ridiculous/senseless/silly/unreasonable

 absurd/farcical/foolish/irrational/ludicrous/preposterous/ridiculous/senseless/silly/unreasonable

版权声明

Absurd means opposed to reason or truth, and may be applied to that which is grossly, and sometimes grotesquely, inconsistent with common sense or experience.

 Absurd(荒谬的)表示与理性与事实相背,可用来表示荒谬的程度很高,以至于非常怪异和荒诞,总是与常识或者经验相背.

Preposterous denotes a great contrariness to nature, reason, or common sense, and is used to describe that which is outrageously absurd. 

Preposterous表示极其强烈的反自然,反理性和反常识,用于表示极其荒谬(极其absurd).

Ridiculous refers to that which is absurd in a way that invites ridicule or mockery. [It is absurd to predict that the sun will not rise tomorrow; it is preposterous that virtue should go unrewarded while vice goes unpunished; It is ridiculous to judge a foreign culture by its plumbing.]

Ridiculous表示的荒谬会招致嘲笑或讥讽.例如:[It is absurd to predict that the sun will not rise tomorrow; it is preposterous that virtue should go unrewarded while vice goes unpunished; It is ridiculous to judge a foreign culture by its plumbing(预测明天太阳将不再升起是荒谬的;好心没好报,坏人得不到惩处是极其荒谬的;通过铅管道工业来评价一个外国文化简直是在搞笑).]

Farcical and ludicrous are applied to that which is absurd in an amusing way. Farcical indicates a humorous distortion of fact,convention or reason. Ludicrous implies playful absurdity, but may also be synonymous with ridiculous in describing something that is greeted with scorn or derision. [The farcical introduction of a talking horse gave the play its flavour; The ludicrous antics of the harlequins delighted theaudience; The speaker made a series of ludicrous mistakes which were rewarded with hoots and catcalls.]

Farcical(滑稽地)和ludicrous(荒唐的)表示一种引人发笑的荒谬(absurd).Farcical以一种幽默的方式表达对事实,惯例,理性的曲解.Ludicrous暗示一种闹着玩一样的(顽皮)荒谬性,但是Ludicrous也可以作为ridiculous的近义词,用于描述会招致讥讽和嘲笑的荒谬事物.例如,[The farcical introduction of a talking horse gave the play its flavour; The ludicrous antics of the harlequins delighted the audience; The speaker made a series of ludicrous mistakes which were rewarded with hoots and catcalls(会说话的马的上场,给这部剧增添的趣味性;小丑的滑稽动作表演(译注:闹着玩的调皮?)逗乐了观众;演讲者犯了很多荒唐的错误,遭到了观众的不满和嘘声(译注:表示鄙视)).]

Foolish, senseless and silly add a suggestion of folly or even of a trivial intellect to their synonymity with absurd. [To buy shares in an unlisted wild-cat enterprise is a foolish investment; To beat a deadhorse is senseless; To make unsupportable claims is silly affectation.]

Foolish(傻), senseless(二)和silly(蠢),这三个词侧重表示因愚蠢或智商不足而与荒谬(absurd)具有同义性.例如:[To buy shares in an unlisted wild-cat enterprise is a foolish investment; To beat a deadhorse is senseless; To make unsupportable claims is silly affectation(购买没有上市的野猫公司的股票是在犯傻;赌马时把宝压在一头死马身上是在犯二;发表不受支持的声明是一种愚蠢的矫揉造作).]

Unreasonable and irrational mean contrary to reason, the difference between them being the fact that unreasonable implies a bias or intent to go wrong and irrational suggests an uncontrollable lack of understanding. [It is unreasonable to maintain a geocentric theory ofthe universe; It is irrational to expect an adult reaction from a child.]

Unreasonable和irrational表示与常理相对的不理性,两者的区别是unreasonable表示的不理性可能会导致犯错,而irrational则暗示一种因缺乏理解力而导致不理性.例如:[It is unreasonable to maintain a geocentric theory of the universe; It is irrational to expect an adult reaction from a child(坚持地心说理论是不理性的;期望小孩有像成人一样的行为是不理性的(译注:小孩缺乏成人的理解力)).]

SEE: humorous.
ANTONYMS: consistent, logical, rational, reasonable, sagacious, sensible. 
参考:humorous
反义词: consistent, logical, rational, reasonable, sagacious, sensible.
打个赏呗

   微信打赏  支付宝打赏


本文固定链接: https://www.jack-yin.com/english/synonym/1856.html | 边城网事

该日志由 边城网事 于2015年01月28日发表在 同义词辨析 - 每日一组 分类下, 你可以发表评论,并在保留原文地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客。
原创文章转载请注明: 0003-absurd /farcical/foolish/irrational/ludicrous/preposterous/ridiculous/senseless/silly/unreasonable | 边城网事

0003-absurd /farcical/foolish/irrational/ludicrous/preposterous/ridiculous/senseless/silly/unreasonable 暂无评论

发表评论

快捷键:Ctrl+Enter