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0011- Act action deed exploit feat operation performance

 0011- Act action deed exploit feat operation performance 

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An act, in the sense considered here, is something that is done. The act may be done by a person, a group or an impersonal entity, and is not limited by motive, nature or result. Thus, an act of God is a violent outbreak of nature; the act of a maniac may endanger the community; the act of a philanthropist may enrich it. While act refers to something that is accomplished, action refers to the accomplishing of it or the process by which it is accomplished: the action of acid on metal. 

在本文的上下文环境中,Act表示已经完成了的行为.这种行为可能由个人,组织团体或者非人实体来成,并且不受动机,性质或者结果的限制.这样,an act of God is a violent outbreak of nature;就表示上帝的行为可以是自然的猛烈爆发;the act of a maniac may endanger the community(疯子的行为可能会危机社区安全);the act of a philanthropist may enrich it(慈善家的善举可能使他富有). Act表示已经完成了的行为,Action表示完成的经过,或者完成的过程,例如:the action of acid on metal(酸对金属的腐蚀过程).

Deed, while sometimes used to connote any act, good or bad, big or small, is usually synonymous with exploit and feat in meaning an achievement of great courage, nobility, intelligence, strength or skill.

Deed(行动)有时候用来表示任何行为(Act),好的坏的,大的小的,通常与exploit和feat是同义词,表示需要巨大的勇气,高尚的情操,智力,力量和能力才能完成的行为.

An exploit is often a physical act; discovering a continent, scaling a high mountain, rocketing to a distant planet, and descending to the ocean floor are all exploits.

exploit(开拓,探索)通常表示身体行动,例如:discovering a continent(发现新大陆), scaling a high mountain(攀登一座高山), rocketing to a distant planet(探索遥远的星球), and descending to the ocean floor(潜水到海底) 都属于exploit(探索).

A feat may also be a physical act, but it applies to mental acts as well. [Formulating the General Theory of Relativity was a prodigious mental feat; Playing several chess games simultaneously while blindfolded is a remarkable and impressive feat.] 

feat(壮举)可以指身体上的行为也可以指精神上的行为.比如:[Formulating the General Theory of Relativity was a prodigious mental feat(公式化广义相对论是惊人的壮举); Playing several chess games simultaneously while blindfolded is a remarkable and impressive feat(蒙着眼睛同时下几盘棋是一种卓越的令人钦佩的壮举).]

A deed is generally an act that is noteworthy for its difficulty or nobility. [The labours of Hercules were deeds of courage and ingenuity; A good deed may range from endowing a university to helping an old lady cross the street.] 

deed表示的行为因为其本身的难度或者高尚性而受到关注.例如:[The labours of Hercules were deeds of courage and ingenuity(赫拉克里斯(Hercules大力神)的力量是勇气和智慧的结晶); A good deed may range from endowing a university to helping an old lady cross the street(从捐赠一所大学到帮助老人过马路都属于高尚的行为).]

Operation and performance in this context can be synonymous with act or action, but are usually considered to be combinations of acts or the manner in which they are carried out. A military operation is a series of co-ordinated individual and group acts; the performance of an employee is the manner in which he carries out the acts that are part of his job’s routine.

在本文的上下文中,Operation(行动)和performance(执行)都是act(行为)或action(行动)的同义词,但是前二者通常表示某种组合行动或者组合行为.例如:A military operation is a series of co-ordinated individual and group acts(一次军事行动包含一系列的单兵和集体组合行动); the performance of an employee is the manner in which he carries out the acts that are part of his job’s routine(员工的表现是其执行他的工作内容的行为方式). 

SEE: METHOD, PERFORM. 参见:METHOD, PERFORM.
   
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该日志由 边城网事 于2015年02月05日发表在 同义词辨析 - 每日一组 分类下, 你可以发表评论,并在保留原文地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客。
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