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0013- Acumen acuity insight perception

 0013-Acumen acuity insight perception

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These words all refer to a highly developed mental ability to see or understand what is not obvious.

这些词汇都是指高度发达的心智以至于能看出或者理解那些非显而易见的事情.

Acumen has to do with keenness of intellect, and implies an uncommon quickness and discrimination of mind. It requires acumen to solve an intricate problem in human relationships, or to emerge unscathed from a venture into the stock market.

Acumen 表示敏锐的理解力,并暗示一种非同寻常理解力,以及智力上的脱颖而出.例如:It requires acumen to solve an intricate problem in human relationships, or to emerge unscathed from a venture into the stock market(需要一个聪明敏锐的人来解决错综复杂的人类关系问题,或者,需要一个聪明敏锐的人从股票市场中毫发无损的全身而退).

Insight and perception mean the power to recognize the hidden springs of behaviour or the true nature or cause of a situation or condition: A psychiatrist’s insight into human behaviour may uncover the underlying cause of a boy’s delinquency; a doctor’s perception may recognize a patient’s complaints as symptoms of a psychic disorder. 

Insight(洞察力)和perception(领悟力)表示识别能力,以便去识别:行为的隐藏动机(spring),或者某种状态的性质或某种条件产生的原因.例如:A psychiatrist’s insight into human behaviour may uncover the underlying cause of a boy’s delinquency(精神病学家对于人类行为的洞察力或许将揭示出导致男孩子不良行为的原因); a doctor’s perception may recognize a patient’s complaints as symptoms of a psychic disorder(医生的领悟力或许能从病人的抱怨中识别出心理异常的某种症状).

Perception in its basic sense applies to anything recognized or understood by the senses, and in its extended sense to anything recognized or understood by the mind, thus suggesting a likeness between mind and the senses. Perception therefore suggests a view of the mind as a keenly receptive but none the less passive instrument, sensitive to very slight stimuli.

Perception的基本含义可用于表示感官上的对任何事物的感知和理解,其含义可扩展为心智对于任何事物的感知或者理解,因此在表示感官上的或者心智上的洞察力时具有某种相似性.因而,Perception表示具有明锐接受能力的心智,尽管依然依赖于某种被动的手段,并且对微小刺激十分敏感.

Insight, on the other hand, is consistent with a view of the mind as an active agent, seeking and sifting ideas and probabilities as well as the evidence of sensations. In most contexts insight implies a more profound use of intellect and wisdom than does perception; insight suggests a knowledge of the inner character or essence of a thing, whereas perception relies primarily on the sharpness or acuity of one’s senses.

然而,Insight(洞察力),坚持运用活跃的意识,寻找并筛选观点,可能性以及感觉的证据.在大多数情况下,insight暗示要比perception运用更为高深的理解力及聪明才智.insight表示洞察内在特性或事物本质,而perception则主要暗示一个人感官能力的敏锐性.

Acuity means sharpness or keenness, and is applied exclusively to perception: visual acuity; The intelligence test was used as a basis for judging his mental acuity.

Acuity意为敏锐性,仅用于形容perception.例如:[眼科] visual acuity(视敏度),The intelligence test was used as a basis for judging his mental acuity(智力测试是评价他精神敏锐性的基本评测).

SEE: KEEN, SENSATION, VISION, WISDOM.
ANTONYMS: bluntness, dullness, obtuseness, stupidty.
参见: KEEN, SENSATION, VISION, WISDOM.
反义词: bluntness, dullness, obtuseness, stupidty.
   
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该日志由 边城网事 于2015年02月07日发表在 同义词辨析 - 每日一组 分类下, 你可以发表评论,并在保留原文地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客。
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