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0014- Adapt accommodate adjust conform fit reconcile

 0014- Adapt accommodate adjust conform fit reconcile

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Adapt and adjust mean to change someone or something to suit new circumstances or a different environment.

Adaptadjust表示改变某人或者某物使其适应新境况或不同的环境.

Adapt involves considerable change to meet new requirements, while adjust implies a minor change, as in the alignment of parts: to adapt a novel for the stage; to adjust a motor; to adjust the differences between two parties in a dispute.

Adapt表示需要引入重大的改变以应对新的需求,而adjust则暗示较小的改变,类似重新整体中部件的位置的这种改变.例如:to adapt a novel for the stage(修改一部小说已适应舞台表演); to adjust a motor(调整一下发动机);to adjust the differences between two parties in a dispute(调整辩论中正反两方的差异).

Adapt emphasizes the purpose for which the change must be made: The shred politician adapts his speech to suit the interests of his audience. Adjust is also used to mean to adapt oneself to a changed environment: Astronauts in flight must adjust to weightlessness.

Adapt旨在强调必须做出改变.例如:The shred politician adapts his speech to suit the interests of his audience(后续的政治家修改了演讲内容以便迎合观众的兴趣).Adjust还表示调整自身以便适应已变化了的环境: Astronauts in flight must adjust to weightlessness(太空飞行中的宇航员必须去适应失重).

Conform, as here considered, means to correspond to a model or pattern: The building must conform to the plans and specifications. In a commonly used extended sense, conform means to adhere or adjust to conventional behaviour: When travelling in a foreign country, it is wise to conform to the habits of the natives. This last example may also be recast reflexively: to conform oneself to the habits of the natives.

这里Conform表示与某种模型或者模式相符.例如:The building must conform to the plans and specifications(建筑必须与计划和规范相符).在常见的引申用法中,conform表示遵守或者适应符合传统的(符合惯例)的行为.例如:When travelling in a foreign country, it is wise to conform to the habits of the natives(在国外旅行时,遵守当地人的习俗习惯是明智的).刚刚这个例子也可以反过来说:to conform oneself to the habits of the natives(调整自己(译注:的行为)以适应当地人的风俗习惯).

To fit something is to adapt it to a purpose or use: A prudent man fits his standard of living to his budget.

Fit表示适应某种目的或者用法.例如:A prudent man fits his standard of living to his budget(一个节俭的人需要适应他基于预算的的生活标准).

Accommodate and reconcile are similar to adapt in meaning to change something or oneself in acknowledgement of an external condition. [A European visitor to the Far East must accommodate himself to habits of life that may seem very strange to him; A man following a military career must reconcile himself to long absences from his family.]

Accommodate和reconcile与adapt相似,表示改变某个事物或者改变自身以便符合某个外部条件.例如:[A European visitor to the Far East must accommodate himself to habits of life that may seem very strange to him(去远东地区旅游的欧洲人必须适应在他看起来非常奇怪的生活习惯); A man following a military career must reconcile himself to long absences from his family(从事军事生涯的人必须适应长期远离他的家人).]

Reconcile implies an accommodation not without misgivings or resentment; one reconciles oneself to certain conditions because the alternatives are even less palatable. Accommodate, on the other hand, conveys no such connotation, but suggests that the adjustment will make one’s own lot easier because it will gratify others.

Reconcile暗示并非没有疑虑和愤恨的适应.例如:one reconciles oneself to certain conditions because the alternatives are even less palatable(一个人使他自己适应某个特定条件因为其他可选项都不如他选的那个).另外,Accommodate没有传达上述含义时,表示的调整可能是某人自己变得相当容易,因为这种调整将会使别人感到满意.

SEE: CHANGE.
ANTONYMS: derange, disarrange, discompose, disjoin, dislocate, displace, dissent, misfit, resist.
参见: CHANGE.
反义词: derange, disarrange, discompose, disjoin, dislocate, displace, dissent, misfit, resist.
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该日志由 边城网事 于2015年02月08日发表在 同义词辨析 - 每日一组 分类下, 你可以发表评论,并在保留原文地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客。
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