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0015- Adaptable adjustable elastic flexible yielding

 0015- Adaptable adjustable elastic flexible yielding

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These words suggest the ease with which something will respond to an external force without breaking.

这组词汇均表示一种适应性,通过这种适应性事物可以对外部力量做持续不断的反馈。

Adaptable is the most general and most abstract, suggesting the favourable quality of an ingenious or practical ability to alter habit as a response to changed circumstances: The ice ages exterminated many less adaptable species.

Adaptable(能适应的)是最常用的也是最抽象的,表示用一种有利的巧妙的能力或者某种实践能力以改变习惯从而应对变化了的环境。例如:The ice ages exterminated many less adaptable species(很多适应能力不强的生物在冰河世纪灭绝了).

Yielding is nearly as abstract as adaptable but more readily suggests an unfavourable passivity or unassertiveness than a favourable ability to improvise responses to challenges: the familiar stereotype that makes out all women as helpless and yielding.

Yielding(屈服的)几乎和adaptable一样抽象,但更偏向于强调以一种比Adaptable更不利的被动性或者优柔寡断被动的应对挑战。例如:the familiar stereotype that makes out all women as helpless and yielding(一种熟悉的刻板印象认为女性是无助的和易妥协的).

Flexible and elastic have concrete applications to physical objects in which case they suggest something with spring to it or something that will quickly resume its shape after being distorted. Elastic suggests stretching, as of a band or membrane; flexible suggest bending, as of a rod or tube. Adjustable is applied to objects that can be manually altered to suit different uses or purposes: An adjustable car seat slides backwards or forwards to accommodate the driver.

Flexibleelastic用于形容具体的物质实体,表示该实体具有弹性或者在发生形变之后能够快速恢复原形.Elastic暗示具备拉伸弹性,用于形容带状物或者薄膜;flexible暗示具备弯曲弹性,用于形容条状物或者管状物.Adjustable用于形容可以手工变形以便符合不同用处,或基于不同目的公共调整.例如:An adjustable car seat slides backwards or forwards to accommodate the driver(可调节的汽车座椅,可以向前或向后调整以便适应司机的身体).

Used in the sense of adaptable, elastic suggests the ability to recover quickly in the face of a threat or upset: a man who was amazingly elastic and imperturbable under pressure. Elastic can also refer to a projected set of requirements, rules, or figures, when they are open to revision in the light of experience: an elastic budget that allows for unexpected outlays for new equipment; elastic, sensible rules drawn up by the students themselves.

在表示适应性时,elastic表示面对恐吓或者不安时迅速恢复的能力,例如:a man who was amazingly elastic and imperturbable under pressure(一个适应性惊人的人,在面对压力时表现沉着镇定).Elastic还可用于表示工程等的需求,规则,数据等可以根据具体情况加以修订,例如:an elastic budget that allows for unexpected outlays for new equipment(一个有弹性的预算允许预算外的新设备的支出); elastic, sensible rules drawn up by the students themselves(学生们自己制定的弹性的理智的规则).

Flexible, in this context, is closer in meaning to adaptable than any other word here. It does not necessarily suggest a permanent adjustment to change but rather momentary shifts of position to maintain balance: a society so flexible in the face of new influences as to lack unity or purpose. As in this example, flexible may suggest low standards or a chameleonic nature, whereas adaptable can suggest a slow, hard-won process of decisive movement in a new direction.

Flexible在本文中的含义与adaptable最为接近.Flexible表示一种未必是永久的调整,即可以表示一种临时的位置调整以便保持平衡.例如:a society so flexible in the face of new influences as to lack unity or purpose(在面对因缺乏团结和目标而产生的新影响时能灵活适应的社会). 在前面这个例子中,flexible表示一种较低的标准或者反复无常的特性,而adaptable表示较慢的,但来之不易的过程,该过程是在新方向上的决定性进展.

SEE: MALLEABLE, SUPPLE.
ANTONYMS: CLUMSY, dilatory, fixed, inflexible, rigid, set, sluggish.
参见: MALLEABLE, SUPPLE.
反义词: CLUMSY, dilatory, fixed, inflexible, rigid, set, sluggish
   
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