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0023- Allegiance fealty fidelity loyalty

 0023- Allegiance fealty fidelity loyalty

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Allegiance refers to the obligation of faithfulness, i.e., of fidelity, that a citizen owes his country or his sovereign in return for the benefits and privileges he receives by virtue of his citizenship. Allegiance is now widely used to refer to any similar obligation a person feels, as to a principle or a political leader. [In the Declaration of Independence, the American colonists renounced their allegiance to the British Crown; a lasting allegiance to this political party.] Fealty is used specifically of the feudal obligation a vassal owed his lord. The oath of fealty expressed both allegiance and fidelity.

Allegiance(拥护)表示公民应当给予他的国家或君主的忠诚的义务,以作为他从国家或者君主那里获取的利益和特权的一种回报。现在Allegiance广泛用于某人对于某种原则或者政治领袖的类似于义务的感觉。例如:[In the Declaration of Independence, the American colonists renounced their allegiance to the British Crown(在美国独立宣言中,美国殖民者放弃效忠英国王室); a lasting allegiance to this political party(持续忠于某个政党).] Fealty特指封建社会中诸侯对君主的忠诚。例如:The oath of fealty expressed both allegiance and fidelity(效忠的誓言表达了效忠和忠诚)。

Fidelity implies a strong and faithful dedication; His fidelity to the principles of justice never wavered. Loyalty is more often associated with personal relationships than is fidelity. Where fidelity suggests adherence, loyalty points to devotion. It emphasizes a profoundly personal commitment. [His judgement was frequently faulty, but his loyalty to the nation could not be questioned; Company loyalty made him turn down many attractive job offers.]

Fidelity暗含一种强烈的并且忠诚的奉献精神;例如:His fidelity to the principles of justice never wavered(他效忠公平正义原则从未动摇过).Loyalty与fidelity相比,更常用于描述个人之间的关系。fidelity强调坚持遵守而loyalty侧重奉献。Loyalty强调深刻的个人承诺。例如:[His judgement was frequently faulty, but his loyalty to the nation could not be questioned(他的判断经常出错,但他对国家的忠诚不容置疑); Company loyalty made him turn down many attractive job offers(对公司的忠诚使他拒绝了很多诱人的工作机会).]

SEE: TRUST.
ANTONYMS: disaffection, disloyalty, rebellion, sedition, treachery, treason.
参见: TRUST.
反义词: disaffection, disloyalty, rebellion, sedition, treachery, treason.
   
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