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0026- Amateur dabbler dilettante

 0026- Amateur dabbler dilettante

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These words are applied to a person who has some knowledge or proficiency in a certain area, but who is not an expert. Amateur usually means a person who pursues an interest, study or skill as a hobby or avocation rather than as a profession. Thus, a doctor who plays the violin in his spare time is an amateur in music, even if his playing is skilful. However, the word is sometimes used disparagingly to stress that a person’s skill, being non-professional, is not as good as it could be. If a man can’t fix a leaky tap, his wife may chide him by saying, “Oh well, you’re just an amateur!”

这组词汇都表示一个人具备某个特定领域的相关知识或者具有一定能力的水平,但是还不足以成为该领域的专家。Amateur表示某人将某种兴趣研究或者技能作为一种习惯或者业余爱好而不是作为职业。因此,一个在业余时间拉小提琴的医生就是在音乐方面的Amateur,即使他的演奏技术非常娴熟。然而,Amateur有时也用来以一种轻蔑的口吻强调一个人的能力不够专业,能力不如预期的那样好。如果一个男人不会修理漏水的水龙头,他老婆可能会斥责他,说道:“原来,你仅仅是个业余的(Oh well, you’re just an amateur!)”

Dilettante means literally taking delight in and was originally applied to a person who was a lover of the arts. The word has in recent years, however, come to be associated with frivolousness and shallowness. A dilettante is a person who, though he shows interest in a field of knowledge or in an artistic skill, pursues it chiefly for enjoyment or ostentation, thus never attaining more than a superficial knowledge of it.

Dilettante(业余艺术爱好者)字面含义是表示乐于做某事的人,最初表示爱好艺术的人。然而,近年来,Dilettante常常和轻浮(frivolousness)与肤浅(shallowness)关联。dilettante是指一个人对某个领域的相关知识或者艺术上的能力感兴趣,但是追求这种兴趣主要是为了娱乐与卖弄,因此只能获取到该领域的一些肤浅的知识。

Dabbler is an even more disparaging term than dilettante and denotes a person who merely dips into something without serious intent or perseverance.

Dabbler比dilettante表示的轻蔑意味更强,表示对某事仅仅是浅尝辄止的人,没有明确的目的和坚持不懈的态度。

ANTONYMS: connoisseur, expert, professional, specialist. 反义词: connoisseur, expert, professional, specialist.
   
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该日志由 边城网事 于2015年03月01日发表在 同义词辨析 - 每日一组 分类下, 你可以发表评论,并在保留原文地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客。
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